Understanding Acne: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Acne: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Acne, though often associated with adolescence, can affect individuals of all ages, impacting not only their physical appearance but also their self-esteem and confidence. At Áda Cosmetic Medicine, we believe in empowering our clients with knowledge about this common skin condition, including its causes, effective treatments, and preventive measures.

Causes of Acne

Acne arises from a complex interplay of factors, including hormonal changes, excess oil production, bacteria, and inflammation. During adolescence, hormonal fluctuations stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which can clog pores when combined with dead skin cells. This environment provides an ideal breeding ground for Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), a bacterium that contributes to acne development. Genetics, stress, diet, and certain medications can also influence acne flare-ups.

Treatments for Acne

Fortunately, numerous treatment options are available to effectively manage acne and minimise its impact on the skin. One common approach is topical treatments, such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids, which help to unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and prevent new blemishes from forming. For moderate to severe acne, oral medications like antibiotics, hormonal therapies, and isotretinoin may be prescribed to target underlying causes and prevent future breakouts.


In addition to conventional treatments, innovative procedures offered at Áda Cosmetic Medicine can further address acne concerns. These include laser therapy, which targets acne-causing bacteria and reduces inflammation, and chemical peels, which exfoliate the skin and unclog pores. Our experienced dermatologists will tailor a treatment plan to suit your individual needs, ensuring optimal results.

Prevention Strategies

While treating existing acne is essential, adopting preventive measures is equally important for maintaining clear, healthy skin. Here are some tips to help prevent acne:


  • Maintain a consistent skincare routine: Cleanse your skin twice daily with a gentle cleanser and use non-comedogenic products to avoid clogging pores.
  • Avoid touching or picking at your face: This can spread bacteria and worsen inflammation, leading to more breakouts.
  • Manage stress: High levels of stress can trigger hormonal changes that exacerbate acne. Practice relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, to reduce stress levels.
  • Eat a balanced diet: Limit consumption of sugary and processed foods, which can spike insulin levels and contribute to acne. Instead, focus on a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated and promote detoxification.
  • Protect your skin from the sun: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher to prevent sun damage and minimise the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


By understanding the causes of acne, exploring effective treatments, and implementing preventive strategies, you can take control of your skin health and achieve a clearer, smoother complexion. At Áda Cosmetic Medicine, our team of experts is dedicated to helping you overcome acne and restore your healthy skin. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and embark on your journey to clearer skin.

Make an Enquiry

The friendly team at āda aesthetic medicine looks forward to meeting you. Contact us today at one of our clinics or enquire online.

Glebe Practice

  • Phone 02 9552 1442
  • Address 88 Glebe Point Road, Glebe NSW 2037
  • Opening Hours
    Monday9:30am to 4:30pm
    Tuesday9:30am to 4:30pm
    Wednesday10:00am to 6:00pm
    Thursday9:30am to 4:30pm
    Friday9:30am to 4:30pm
    Saturday9:30am to 3:30pm

Our Glebe practice is easily accessible by train and bus. There is metered street parking available.

Wollongong Consult Room

  • Phone 1300 651 149
  • Address 332 Crown Street, Wollongong NSW 2500

Dr Peter Muzikants only travels to Wollongong twice a month and takes consultations there on Thursdays. If you'd like to request a consultation in Wollongong, please ensure you select the right location when enquiring.