Skin Peel Sydney NSW
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A peel refers to an agent that is applied to the skin that will cause exfoliation or shedding of the skin and the subsequent stimulation of new skin growth. In a sense, a peel is resurfacing the ‘old’ skin, leaving a fresher new skin surface.
In general, the deeper the peel penetrates the skin the better the result. The common or most available peels are the superficial to medium depth peels. These can peel just the superficial layer of skin called the epidermis, or can penetrate deeper down to just within the dermis, as is the case with the medium depth peels.
Peels can be used to treat a variety of skin problems, some of the main uses are:
- Mild to moderate sun damaged skin
- Fine lines
- Some pigmentation and blemishes
- Smoothening some skin texture problems e.g. open pores
- Some acne improvement
Deep chemical peels, which work all the way down, deep in the dermis, have all but been abandoned now. These peels have been largely replaced by the resurfacing lasers, which have introduced a remarkable degree of control for working at these deeper skin depths as well as giving more reliable results and having less complications.
Skin peels can be grouped as:
The light AHA peels are often called fruit acid peels because many of these acids are found naturally in certain fruits e.g. glycolic acid exists in sugar cane. These peels are available from beauty therapists and doctors specialising in skin and cosmetic medicine, though doctors are able to use higher strength acids. They are very safe and pain free, but require a number of peels performed at 1-4 weekly intervals to achieve results.
The AHA breaks the adhesions holding the outer epidermal skin layers, thus enabling the skin layers to shed. A fresher complexion is then revealed. The AHA can stimulate new collagen production in the skin to help further refine the complexion.
This shedding of skin is generally quite subtle and most will notice just some redness of the skin afterwards. Hence, this peel is ideal for people unable to interrupt their work.
The Jessner peel is a deeper acting peel and thus one sees more rapid results. Jessner is a solution of lactic acid, salicylic acid and resorcinol. All are peeling agents and especially useful for acne, more severe sun damage and pigmentation problems. People allergic to aspirin are not suitable because it contains salicylic acid.
Some Asian and darker skin types may also not be suitable, as there could be a greater risk of creating new pigmentation after peeling.
There is more redness and visible peeling or flaking of the skin afterwards, compared to AHA peels. Some people may need to take a few days off work if peeling is marked and may not be suitable for a ‘lunch hour’ procedure. This peel can be repeated depending on the outcome.
The main medium depth-peeling agent is the TCA peel or the ‘chemical peel’. It is particularly suitable for older people and severe skin problems. Compared to the other peels it can give more reliable and longer lasting results. On the down side, it can be quite painful for a few minutes whilst the TCA peel is being applied.
Afterwards, the peeling process is quite a noticeable affair taking 7-10 days. Most people will need to schedule this time off work. On a positive note people will generally require only one peel to achieve the desired results.
Again, people with darker or olive skin may not be suitable because of the increased risk of pigmentation changes.
With all peels the potential risks are the same, namely scarring, loss of pigmentation or temporary increase of pigmentation. Thankfully, with the light and medium depth peels, scarring and loss of pigmentation are very rarely seen. However, a temporary increase in pigmentation can be seen especially in darker skin types.
Peels do not thin the skin. On the contrary, repeated peels will generate more collagen ensuring that the skin will remain rejuvenated and in optimal condition. For pigmentation problems, peels are usually done in combination with skin fading agents e.g. hydroquinone.
In conclusion, skin peels are still a very useful, safe and inexpensive procedure in cosmetic medicine. They can be the ideal treatment for a younger person with less severe skin problems.